Jacob Funk Kirkegaard has been nonresident senior fellow with the Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) and resident senior fellow with the German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF) in the GMF’s Brussels office since September 2020. He has been associated with the PIIE since 2002 and was resident senior fellow from 2013. Before joining the PIIE, he worked with the Danish Ministry of Defense, the United Nations in Iraq, and in the private financial sector. He is a graduate of the Danish Army’s Special School of Intelligence and Linguistics with the rank of first lieutenant; the University of Aarhus in Aarhus, Denmark; the Columbia University in New York; and received his PhD from Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies. Jacob is currently also a consultant with 22V Research, a private financial advisory firm in New York. Jacob frequently appears in global media and his current research focuses on European economies and reform, Chinese economic growth, efficient decarbonization strategies, immigration, foreign direct investment trends and estimations, pension systems, demographics, offshoring, and the productivity impact of information technology.