Pedro Passos Coelho was elected Prime Minister of Portugal in 2011. He achieved a historical win for his political party, the PSD, defeating José Sócrates of the Socialists. He started very early in politics, he had a long career in the youth branch of the Social Democratic Party (PSD), where he was a member of the National Council and Chairman of the Political Committee. He was a presidential candidate for the PSD in May, 2008, where he proposed for the first time a programmatic review of the party's orientation. Defeated by Manuela Ferreira Leite, he founded, together with a group of his supporters, the think-tank Construir Ideias (Building Ideas).